The Polyfloss machine works on the same principle as a candyfloss machine. After being shredded the waste plastic is inserted into a rotating oven. Through centrifugal force, the molten plastic is projected through small holes onto a drum. The space between the oven and the drum lining allows the polypropylene to cool down and harden creating fibers.
The Polyfloss factory technology allow the transformation of waste plastic into a new raw material that we call Polyfloss. Polyfloss could be describe as a "plastic wool". This accumulation of thin fibers has a low density which allow us to design and manufacture new plastic products without expensive or complicated manufacturing techniques such as injection molding. The Polyfloss Material has various textures from really fine floss to dense and ferme, which create a wide range of applications and products with unique properties, from textile, architecture, packaging to art installation and product design.
In the U.K. alone over 5 million tones of plastic waste is produced in each year. Of this, less that a quarter is recycled (British Plastics Federation). Production using plastic has little human technique, manufacturing plastics almost always requires huge machines controlled by computers. All this makes it a material for mass-production, not appropriate on a small scale. And this has an effect on recycling and re-use: unlike wood, metal or textiles, the knowledge of transforming plastic is exclusive to industry. We have created a way for plastic to be transformed and manufactured on a small scale. The Polyfloss Factory and its technology hopes to provide an innovative solution for redirecting plastic waste from the landfill, and turning it into useful high value products.